93rd Academy Awards (2020): The Hopefuls

UPDATED: January 12, 2021

With precursors starting to come out hot and heavy, I thought it was time to update my list. This is an extensive re-aligning list, so there’s no way I can encompass all of the numerous changes in one post, so just look through it all because nothing is the same as it was two months ago.

UPDATED: November 15, 2020

This was a minor update. I hadn’t realized that I still had Boys in the Band slotted anywhere since the film just didn’t get good enough reviews. Beyond that, I added some other films I had forgotten or not considered in my prior update.

UPDATED: November 13, 2020

As the pandemic worsens, it looks like theaters will be shuttering again and with so many tentpoles having vacated 2020, a lot of changes were made below. I updated all of the tentative, eligible, streaming, and unknown ratings for the films on the list, pushing out films like The French Dispatch, No Time to Die, and Dune, which have all moved to sunnier pastures. I had to change at least two nomination predictions in each category and, for the first time in years, the Best Visual Effects category is looking very slim indeed.

UPDATED: September 17, 2020

With theaters finally opening back up, the Oscar landscape is beginning to take shape. Sort of. The Academy introduced new rules regarding streaming and release dates, extending two months into 2021 and potentially causing problems for critics groups who will largely work off the calendar year model. That said, we have a good idea of what films will be jockeying for consideration, yet there are several films that are still big questions marks and with theaters struggling to draw audiences back, what is currently scheduled may not be scheduled the closer to the end of the year we get.

Since there is so much confusion over what could be eligible and what might not be, I’ve labeled every title in this list with a letter designation in parentheses. This designation should help give you an idea of how influx this season is.

Anything labeled with an (E) is Eligible. These are films that have confirmed theatrical releases and box office numbers to track that. Whether all of them played in the requisite theaters is an unknown since New York and California have largely kept their theaters closed. The label (T) is a film that is tentatively scheduled for release in 2020. They have a specified release date and, unless the studios play pick-up sticks with their release schedules, which seems likely at this point, they could drop off altogether and shift to 2021 like a number of films already have. (S) will designate any film that released streaming instead of theatrically. These come from the normal culprits like Netflix, but also other services like Hulu, Amazon Prime, HBO Max, Disney Plus and likely others. The question with these films is whether they met the Academy’s regulations for streaming in lieu of theatrical releases. So, these films, although they have already released, might be ruled ineligible at any time between now and the end of the year/February of next year. Finally, we have (U). These titles are thought to be 2020 releases, but have either had their release dates pulled in the interim or which have not gotten scheduled yet. These titles could play in 2020 or could shift to 2021, it’s impossible to know right now.

Now, onto my scattered but quick thoughts. I struggled with a lot of these choices. Some films (On the Rocks, Judah and the Black Messiah, and a handful of other titles) don’t really strike me as Oscar-friendly movies. That said, I could be entirely wrong on them. Some films have tumbled with mediocre reviews (Tenet) while others have burst onto the scene with late-season film festival releases (Ammonite, Nomadland, and One Night in Miami for example). Right now, things are too influx to get a good read on things, but some films seem better poised for Oscar nominations than others at this juncture and I hope most of my choices reflect that. I also feel that I may have overdone some categories with far too many nominees, but at this point, I suspect the list will dwindle to a manageable level once movies start departing for 2021.

NEW: March 6, 2020

It’s time to start another year. March is awfully early to make these things and the end result feels very sparse and unfocused. Hell, there were so few known quantities at this point that even the Best Supporting Actress roster is exceptionally vacant.

Legend of Release Designations

(E) = Eligible
(T) = Tentative
(S) = Streaming
(U) = Unknown



Mank (S)
Da 5 Bloods (S)
Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S)
Minari (E)
Nomadland (E)
The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S)
Soul (S)
The Father (T)
One Night in Miami (S)
Promising Young Woman (E)
Emma. (E)
First Cow (E)
The Midnight Sky (S)
Tenet (E)




Nomadland (E)
Mank (S)
Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S)
One Night in Miami (S)
Promising Young Woman (E)
Soul (S)
The Father (T)
Tenet (E)
The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S)


Best Picture

  • Nomadland (E) – Searchlight (c-9/15, n-9/15, o-1/11)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Netflix (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • The Father (T) – Sony Pictures Classics (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – Netflix (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • Mank (S) – Netflix (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Minari (E) – A24 (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Amazon (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Promising Young Woman (E) – Focus (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Soul (S) – Disney (c-11/15, n-11/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Paramount (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • The Assistant (E) – Bleecker Street (c-9/15)
  • First Cow (E) – A24 (c-9/15)
  • Never Rarely Sometimes Always (E) – Focus (c-9/15)
  • News of the World (E) – Universal (c-3/6)
  • Sound of Metal (S) – Amazon (c-1/11)

Best Animated Film

  • Soul (S) – Pixar (c-3/6, n-3/6, o-3/6)
  • The Croods: A New Age (E) – DreamWorks (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Onward (E) – Pixar (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Over the Moon (S) – Netflix (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Wolfwalkers (S) – Gkids (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • Ride Your Wave (E) – Gkids (c-9/15)
  • Scoob! (S) – Warner Bros. (c-3/6)
  • A Shaun the Sheep Movie: Farmageddon (S) – Aardman (c-3/6)
  • The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge on the Run (E) – Nickelodeon (c-3/6)
  • Trolls World Tour (S) – DreamWorks (c-3/6)
  • The Willoughbys (S) – Netflix (c-3/6)
  • The Wolf House (S) – KimStim (c-3/6)

Best Directing

  • Nomadland (E) – Chloé Zhao (c-9/15, n-9/15, o-1/11)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Spike Lee (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • Minari (E) – Lee Isaac Chung (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Promising Young Woman (E) – Emerald Fennell (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Aaron Sorkin (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Ammonite (E) – Francis Lee (c-9/15)
  • The Assistant (E) – Kitty Green (c-9/15)
  • The Father (T) – Florian Zeller (c-11/15)
  • First Cow (E) – Kelly Reichardt (c-9/15)
  • The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) – Radha Blank (c-9/15)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – George C. Wolfe (c-9/15)
  • Mank (S) – David Fincher (c-9/15)
  • Never Rarely Sometimes Always (E) – Eliza Hittman (c-9/15)
  • News of the World (E) – Paul Greengrass (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Regina King (c-9/15)
  • Tenet (E) – Christopher Nolan (c-3/6)

Best Actor

  • Anthony Hopkins – The Father (T) ()
  • Chadwick Boseman – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-3/6, n-11/15)
  • Delroy Lindo – Da 5 Bloods (S) (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Gary Oldman – Mank (S) (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Steven Yeun – Minari (E) (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Ben Affleck – The Way Back (E) (c-3/6)
  • Riz Ahmed – Sound of Metal (S) (c-1/11)
  • Kingsley Ben-Adir – One Night in Miami (S) (c-9/15)
  • Eli Goree – One Night in Miami (S) (c-9/15)
  • Tom Hanks – News of the World (E) (c-3/6)
  • John Magaro – First Cow (E) (c-1/11)

Best Actress

  • Carey Mulligan – Promising Young Woman (E) (c-3/6, n-3/6, o-3/6)
  • Viola Davis – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Vanessa Kirby – Pieces of a Woman (S) (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Sophia Loren – The Life Ahead (S) (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Frances McDormand – Nomadland (E) (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Nicole Beharie – Miss Juneteenth (S) (c-9/15)
  • Radha Blank – The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) (c-9/15)
  • Jessie Buckley – I’m Thinking of Ending Things (S) (c-1/11)
  • Carrie Coon – The Nest (E) (c-9/15)
  • Sidney Flanigan – Never Rarely Sometimes Always (E) (c-9/15)
  • Julia Garner – The Assistant (E) (c-3/6)
  • Lesley Manville – Ordinary Love (E) (c-3/6)
  • Elisabeth Moss – Shirley (S) (c-9/15)
  • Michelle Pfeiffer – French Exit (T) (c-11/15)
  • Kate Winslet – Ammonite (E) (c-9/15)

Best Supporting Actor

  • Leslie Odom Jr. – One Night in Miami (S) (c-9/15, n-11/13, o-1/11)
  • Chadwick Boseman – Da 5 Bloods (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Brian Dennehy – Driveways (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Bill Murray – On the Rocks (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Glynn Turman – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Yahya Abdul-Mateen II – The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-3/6)
  • Sacha Baron Cohen – The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-1/11)
  • Bo Burnham – Promising Young Woman (E) (c-1/11)
  • Charles Dance – Mank (S) (c-11/13)
  • Aldis Hodge – One Night in Miami (S) (c-9/15)
  • Frank Langella – The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-1/11)
  • Paul Raci – Sound of Metal (S) (c-1/11)
  • Mark Rylance – The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-1/11)
  • David Strathairn – Nomadland (E) (c-9/15)

Best Supporting Actress

  • Amanda Seyfried – Mank (S) (c-9/15, n-11/15, o-1/11)
  • Maria Bakalova – Borat Subsequent Moviefilm (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Ellen Burstyn – Pieces of a Woman (S) (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Olivia Colman – The Father (T) (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Minari (E) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Glenn Close – Hillbilly Elegy (S) (c-9/15)
  • Toni Collette – I’m Thinking of Ending Things (S) (c-1/11)
  • Olivia Cooke – Sound of Metal (S) (c-1/11)
  • Saoirse Ronan – Ammonite (E) (c-9/15)

Best Original Screenplay

  • Promising Young Woman (E) – Emerald Fennell (c-3/6, n-9/15, o-1/11)
  • Minari (E) – Lee Isaac Chung (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Never Rarely Sometimes Always (E) – Eliza Hittman (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Soul (S) – Pete Docter, Mike Jones, Kemp Powers (c-11/15, n-11/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Aaron Sorkin (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • The Assistant (E) – Kitty Green (c-3/6)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Danny Bilson, Paul Demeo, Kevin Willmott, Spike Lee (c-9/15)
  • The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) – Radha Blank (c-9/15)
  • Mank (S) – Jack Fincher (c-9/15)
  • Miss Juneteenth (S) – Channing Godfrey Peoples (c-9/15)
  • Palm Springs (S) – Andy Siara (c-1/11)
  • The Twentieth Century (E) – Matthew Rankin (c-1/11)
  • The Vast of Night (S) – Andrew Patterson, Craig W. Sanger (c-9/15)

Best Adapted Screenplay

  • Nomadland (E) – Chloé Zhao (c-9/15, n-9/15, o-11/13)
  • The Father (T) – Christopher Hampton, Florian Zeller (c-11/15, n-11/15)
  • First Cow (E) – Jonathan Raymond, Kelly Reichardt (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – Ruben Santiago-Hudson (c-9/15, n-11/15)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Kemp Powers (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • I’m Thinking of Ending Things (S) – Charlie Kaufman (c-9/15)
  • News of the World (E) – Luke Davies (c-3/6)

Best Original Song

  • Speak Now – One Night in Miami (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11, o-1/11)
  • Baby Let Me Have It All – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Hear My Voice – The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Turntables – All In: The Fight for Democracy (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Wear Your Crown – The Prom (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Carried Me with You – Onward (E) (c-1/11)
  • Cet Amour Me Tue – Sound of Metal (S) (c-1/11)
  • Feel the Thunder – The Croods: A New Age (E) (c-1/11)
  • Husavik – Eurovision Song Contest: The Story of Fire Saga (S) (c-1/11)
  • I’ll Be Singing – Wild Mountain Thyme (E) (c-1/11)
  • It’s All Right – Soul (S) (c-3/6)
  • Jungle Mantra – The White Tiger (S) (c-1/11)
  • Loyal Brave True – Mulan (S) (c-1/11)
  • Poverty Porn – The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) (c-1/11)
  • Purify – Sound of Metal (S) (c-1/11)
  • Wuhan Flu – Borat Subsequent Moviefilm (S) (c-1/11)

Best Original Score

  • Mank (S) – Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross (c-9/15, n-9/15, o-11/13)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Terence Blanchard (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • The Midnight Sky (S) – Alexandre Desplat (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Soul (S) – Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross, Jonathan Batiste (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Tenet (E) – Ludwig Goransson (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Ammonite (E) – Volker Bertelmann, Dustin O’Halloran (c-9/15)
  • First Cow (E) – William Tyler (c-1/11)
  • Minari (E) – Emile Mosseri (c-1/11)
  • News of the World (E) – James Newton Howard (c-3/6)
  • Nomadland (E) – Ludovico Einaudi (c-1/11)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Terence Blanchard (c-9/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Daniel Pemberton (c-3/6)

Best Editing

  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Alan Baumgarten (c-3/6, n-9/15, o-1/11)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Adam Gough (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Mank (S) – Kirk Baxter (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Minari (E) – Harry Yoon (c-11/15, n-1/11)
  • Nomadland (E) – Chloé Zhao (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Ammonite (E) – Chris Wyatt (c-9/15)
  • The Assistant (E) – Kitty Green, Blair McClendon (c-9/15)
  • The Father (T) – Yorgos Lamprinos (c-1/11)
  • The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) – Robert Grigsby Wilson (c-9/15)
  • I’m Thinking of Ending Things (S) – Robert Frazen (c-1/11)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – Andrew Mondshein (c-9/15)
  • Never Rarely Sometimes Always (E) – Scott Cummings (c-9/15)
  • News of the World (E) – William Goldeberg (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Tariq Anwar (c-9/15)
  • Promising Young Woman (E) – Frederic Thoraval (c-3/6)
  • Sound of Metal (S) – Mikkel E.G. Nielsen (c-1/11)
  • Tenet (E) – Jennifer Lame (c-3/6)
  • Time (S) – Gabriel Rhodes (c-1/11)

Best Cinematography

  • Nomadland (E) – Joshua James Richards (c-9/15, n-11/13, o-1/11)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) – Newton Thomas Sigel (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • First Cow (E) – Christopher Blauvelt (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Mank (S) – Erik Messerschmidt (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Phedon Papamichael (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • Ammonite (E) – Stéphanie Fontaine (c-9/15)
  • The Forty-Year-Old Version (S) – Eric Branco (c-9/15)
  • Mulan (S) – Mandy Walker (c-3/6)
  • News of the World (E) – Dariusz Wolski (c-3/6)
  • The Personal History of David Copperfield (E) – Zac Nicholson (c-9/15)
  • Tenet (E) – Hoyte Van Hoytema (c-3/6)
  • Vitalina Varela (E) – Leonardo Simoes (c-1/11)

Best Production Design

  • Mank (S) – Donald Graham Burt; Jan Pascale (c-9/15, n-9/15, o-11/13)
  • Ammonite (E) – Sarah Finlay; Sohpie Hervieu (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Emma. (E) – Kave Quinn; Stella Fox (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • First Cow (E) – Anthony Gasparro; Vanessa Knoll (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • The Personal History of David Copperfield (E) – Cristina Casali; Charlotte Dirickx (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Beanpole (E) – Sergey Ivanov (c-1/11)
  • Birds of Prey (E) – K.K. Barrett; Florencia Martin (c-1/11)
  • I’m Thinking of Ending Things (S) – Molly Hughes; Mattie Siegal (c-1/11)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – Mark Ricker; Karen O’Hara, Diana Stoughton (c-9/15)
  • Mulan (S) – Grant Major; Anne Kuljian (c-3/6)
  • News of the World (E) – David Crank; Elizabeth Keenan (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Page Buckner (c-9/15)
  • Rebecca (S) – Sarah Greenwood; Katie Spencer (c-9/15)
  • Shirley (S) – Sue Chan; Alexander Linde (c-1/11)
  • Tenet (E) – Nathan Crowley; Emmanuel Dells, Kathy Lucas (c-3/6)
  • Tesla (E) – Carl Sprague, Tricia Peck (c-9/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Shane Valentino; Andrew Baseman (c-3/6)
  • The Vast of Night (S) – Adam Dietrich (c-9/15)

Best Costume Design

  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) – Ann Roth (c-9/15, n-11/13, o-11/13)
  • Ammonite (E) – Michael O’Connor (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • Emma. (E) – Alexandra Byrne (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Mank (S) – Trish Summerville (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • The Personal History of David Copperfield (E) – Suzie Harman, Robert Worley (c-3/6, n-11/13)
  • Birds of Prey (E) – Erin Benach (c-1/11)
  • First Cow (E) – April Napier (c-9/15)
  • Mulan (S) – Bina Daigeler (c-3/6)
  • News of the World (E) – Mark Bridges (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) – Francine Jamison-Tanchuck (c-9/15)
  • Sylvie’s Love (S) – Phoenix Mellow (c-1/11)
  • Tesla (E) – Soifja Mesicek (c-9/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) – Susan Lyall (c-3/6)
  • The Vast of Night (S) – Jamie Reed (c-9/15)

Best Makeup & Hairstyling

  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-9/15, n-11/13, o-11/13)
  • Birds of Prey (E) (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • Borat Subsequent Moviefilm (S) (c-9/15, n-1/11)
  • Emma. (E) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Mank (S) (c-9/15, n-9/15)
  • The Invisible Man (E) (c-1/11)
  • Mulan (S) (c-3/6)
  • News of the World (E) (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) (c-9/15)
  • Personal History of David Copperfield (E) (c-9/15)
  • Possessor (E) (c-1/11)
  • Tesla (E) (c-9/15)
  • The Trial of the Chicago 7 (S) (c-3/6)

Best Sound

  • Soul (S) (c-3/6, n-1/11, o-1/11)
  • Da 5 Bloods (S) (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • The Midnight Sky (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Tenet (E) (c-3/6, n-3/6)
  • Wonder Woman 1984 (E) (c-3/6, n-1/11)
  • Birds of Prey (E) (c-3/6)
  • Greenland (S) (c-9/15)
  • Greyhound (S) (c-1/11)
  • The Invisible Man (E) (c-9/15)
  • Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom (S) (c-1/11)
  • Mank (S) (c-9/15)
  • Mulan (S) (c-3/6)
  • News of the World (E) (c-3/6)
  • One Night in Miami (S) (c-1/11)
  • The Outpost (S) (c-9/15)
  • The Prom (S) (c-9/15)
  • The Vast of Night (S) (c-9/15)

Best Visual Effects

  • Tenet (E) (c-3/6, n-3/6, o-11/13)
  • The Midnight Sky (S) (c-1/11, n-1/11)
  • Mulan (S) (c-3/6, n-9/15)
  • The Vast of Night (S) (c-9/15, n-11/13)
  • Wonder Woman 1984 (E) (c-3/6, n-9/15)
  • Birds of Prey (E) (c-1/11)
  • The Call of the Wild (E) (c-3/6)
  • Greenland (S) (c-9/15)
  • Greyhound (S) (c-1/11)
  • The Invisible Man (E) (c-9/15)
  • Old Guard (S) (c-9/15)
  • Possessor (E) (c-1/11)

Best Foreign Language Film

No Predictions Yet

Best Documentary Feature

No Predictions Yet

Best Documentary Short Subject

No Predictions Yet

Best Animated Short Film

No Predictions Yet

Best Live Action Short Film

No Predictions Yet


Add a Comment
  1. Less than a month now until the short lists are out! I hate this long season, they should’ve just left it alone.

  2. So, I have some possibilities for Best Hair & Make-Up:

    – Bill & Ted Face the Music
    – Borat: Subsequent Moviefilim

    Just think with this year and how we’re used to seeing oddball finalists in this category, these two could sneak in to at least the finalists. Hell, we had Jackass’ Bad Grandpa become a nominee.

  3. Respect has been moved back to August I think. I think the next update is going to look VERY different!

    1. Did not see this comment. I just updated the day after you posted.

      1. Yeah good timing! Always excited for your updates so I can add new stuff to my watch list. I’ve watched things like Babyteeth and Premature and Miss Juneteenth after seeing them on your list. The only really disappointing movie I’ve seen off this list was Devil All the Time. Pattinson is barely in it, and the movie is kind of a bummer overall. Holland is quite good though.

        1. Yeah. That movie had some solid reviews, but not the kind that keep it going.

          1. Might be time to consider Sound of Metal, buzz on that one is growing. Also Wolfwalkers seems like a great bet for animated. This is usually when we’d be starting to see the short lists and it feels weird to know they’re still two months away.

            1. I honestly thought I had Sound of Metal on here. For animation, I tend to wait for the final eligibility list to include, though I probably should update some.

  4. French Dispatch is 2021 too. It’s gonna be a really weird year.

    1. That is a quandary, though. Everything I’ve heard is that French Dispatch may release early 2021, which would still fit into the Academy’s extended eligibility window for this year…

  5. Awesome update, just added a bunch of stuff to my watch list! Children of the Sea and Marona were actually on the animated list last year, but it reminded me I want to see them both.

    And then, Disney went and pushed Black Widow, West Side Story, and some other non-contenders into next year. D’oh.

    1. And the hits keep coming with Dune vacating 2020 as well. This list is already out of date.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.