71st Academy Awards (1998): Nominees and Winners





Shakespeare in Love
Saving Private Ryan
Life Is Beautiful
The Thin Red Line
Gods and Monsters
The Truman Show

Shakespeare in Love
Saving Private Ryan
Life Is Beautiful
Election Night (Valgaften)
Gods and Monsters
The Last Days
The Personals: Improvisations on Romance in the Golden Years
The Prince of Egypt
What Dreams May Come
Best Picture winner
Best Picture nominee
Nominations are listed for all films receiving 3 or more


Elizabeth – Alison Owen, Eric Fellner, Tim Bevan
Life Is Beautiful – Elda Ferri, Gianluigi Braschi
Saving Private Ryan – Steven Spielberg, Ian Bryce, Mark Gordon, Gary Levinsohn
Shakespeare in Love – David Parfitt, Donna Gigliotti, Harvey Weinstein, Edward Zwick, Marc Norman
The Thin Red Line – Robert Michael Geisler, John Roberdeau, Grant Hill


Life Is Beautiful – Roberto Benigni
Saving Private Ryan – Steven Spielberg
Shakespeare in Love – John Madden
The Thin Red Line – Terrence Malick
The Truman Show – Peter Weir


Roberto Benigni – Life Is Beautiful
Tom Hanks – Saving Private Ryan
Ian McKellen – Gods and Monsters
Nick Nolte – Affliction
Edward Norton – American History X


Cate Blanchett – Elizabeth
Fernanda Montenegro – Central Station
Gwyneth Paltrow – Shakespeare in Love
Meryl Streep – One True Thing
Emily Watson – Hilary and Jackie


James Coburn – Affliction
Robert Duvall – A Civil Action
Ed Harris – The Truman Show
Geoffrey Rush – Shakespeare in Love
Billy Bob Thornton – A Simple Plan


Kathy Bates – Primary Colors
Brenda Blethyn – Little Voice
Judi Dench – Shakespeare in Love
Rachel Griffiths – Hilary and Jackie
Lynn Redgrave – Gods and Monsters

WRITING (Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published)

Gods and Monsters – Bill Condon
Out of Sight – Scott Frank
Primary Colors – Elaine May
A Simple Plan – Scott B. Smith
The Thin Red Line – Terrence Malick

WRITING (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)

Bulworth – Warren Beatty, Jeremy Pikser
Life Is Beautiful – Vincenzo Cerami, Roberto Benigni
Saving Private Ryan – Robert Rodat
Shakespeare in Love – Marc Norman, Tom Stoppard
The Truman Show – Andrew Niccol

MUSIC (Original Song)

“I Don’t Want To Miss A Thing” – Armageddon – Music, Lyric by Diane Warren
“The Prayer” – Quest for Camelot – Music by Carole Bayer Sager, David Foster; Lyric by Carole Bayer Sager, David Foster, Tony Renis, Alberto Testa
“A Soft Place To Fall” – The Horse Whisperer – Music, Lyric by Allison Moorer, Gwil Owen
“That’ll Do” – Babe: Pig in the City – Music, Lyric by Randy Newman
“When You Believe” – The Prince of Egypt – Music, Lyric by Stephen Schwartz

MUSIC (Original Dramatic Score)

Elizabeth – David Hirschfelder
Life Is Beautiful – Nicola Piovani
Pleasantville – Randy Newman
Saving Private Ryan – John Williams
The Thin Red Line – Hans Zimmer

MUSIC (Original Musical or Comedy Score)

A Bug’s Life – Randy Newman
Mulan – Music by Matthew Wilder; Lyrics by David Zippel; Orchestral Score by Jerry Goldsmith
Patch Adams – Marc Shaiman
The Prince of Egypt – Music, Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz; Orchestral Score by Hans Zimmer
Shakespeare in Love – Stephen Warbeck


Life Is Beautiful – Simona Paggi
Out of Sight – Anne V. Coates
Saving Private Ryan – Michael Kahn
Shakespeare in Love – David Gamble
The Thin Red Line – Billy Weber, Leslie Jones, Saar Klein


A Civil Action – Conrad L. Hall
Elizabeth – Remi Adefarasin
Saving Private Ryan – Janusz Kaminski
Shakespeare in Love – Richard Greatrex
The Thin Red Line – John Toll


Elizabeth – Art Direction: John Myhre; Set Decoration: Peter Howitt
Pleasantville – Art Direction: Jeannine Oppewall; Set Decoration: Jay Hart
Saving Private Ryan – Art Direction: Tom Sanders; Set Decoration: Lisa Dean Kavanaugh
Shakespeare in Love – Art Direction: Martin Childs; Set Decoration: Jill Quertier
What Dreams May Come – Art Direction: Eugenio Zanetti; Set Decoration: Cindy Carr


Beloved – Colleen Atwood
Elizabeth – Alexandra Byrne
Pleasantville – Judianna Makovsky
Shakespeare in Love – Sandy Powell
Velvet Goldmine – Sandy Powell


Elizabeth – Jenny Shircore
Saving Private Ryan – Lois Burwell, Conor O’Sullivan, Daniel C. Striepeke
Shakespeare in Love – Lisa Westcott, Veronica Brebner


Armageddon – Kevin O’Connell, Greg P. Russell, Keith A. Wester
The Mask of Zorro – Kevin O’Connell, Greg P. Russell, Pud Cusack
Saving Private Ryan – Gary Rydstrom, Gary Summers, Andy Nelson, Ronald Judkins
Shakespeare in Love – Robin O’Donoghue, Dominic Lester, Peter Glossop
The Thin Red Line – Andy Nelson, Anna Behlmer, Paul Brincat


Armageddon – George Watters II
The Mask of Zorro – David McMoyler
Saving Private Ryan – Gary Rydstrom, Richard Hymns


Armageddon – Richard R. Hoover, Pat McClung, John Frazier
Mighty Joe Young – Rick Baker, Hoyt Yeatman, Allen Hall, Jim Mitchell
What Dreams May Come – Joel Hynek, Nicholas Brooks, Stuart Robertson, Kevin Mack


Central Station – Brazil
Children of Heaven – Iran
The Grandfather – Spain
Life Is Beautiful – Italy
Tango – Argentina


Dancemaker – Matthew Diamond, Jerry Kupfer
The Farm: Angola, U.S.A. – Jonathan Stack, Liz Garbus
The Last Days – James Moll, Ken Lipper
Lenny Bruce: Swear to Tell the Truth – Robert B. Weide
Regret to Inform – Barbara Sonneborn, Janet Cole

DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)

The Personals: Improvisations on Romance in the Golden Years – Keiko Ibi
A Place in the Land – Charles Guggenheim
Sunrise over Tiananmen Square – Shui-Bo Wang, Donald McWilliams

SHORT FILM (Animated)

Bunny – Chris Wedge
The Canterbury Tales – Christopher Grace, Jonathan Myerson
Jolly Roger – Mark Baker
More – Mark Osborne, Steve Kalafer
When Life Departs – Karsten Kiilerich, Stefan Fjeldmark

SHORT FILM (Live Action)

Culture – Will Speck, Josh Gordon
Election Night (Valgaften) – Kim Magnusson, Anders Thomas Jensen
Holiday Romance – Alexander Jovy, JJ Keith
La Carte Postale (The Postcard) – Vivian Goffette
Victor – Simon Sandquist, Joel Bergvall


To Elia Kazan in recognition of his indelible contributions to the art of motion picture direction.


Norman Jewison


To David W. Gray in appreciation for outstanding service and dedication in upholding the high standards of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.


To AVID TECHNOLOGY, INC. for the concept, system design and engineering of the Avid Film Composer for motion picture editing. The Avid Film Composer is a digital, non-linear, 24 frame-per-second editing machine usinig compression algorithms, that has revolutionized the art of film editing. Shots can be stored, recalled, manipulated and played back instantaneously, allowing the film editor unprecedented creative freedom and the ability to realize a film more fully than before. [Editorial and Pre-production]

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL AWARD (Scientific and Engineering Award)

To DR. THOMAS G. STOCKHAM, JR. and ROBERT B. INGEBRETSEN for their pioneering work in the areas of waveform editing, crossfades and cut-and-paste techniques for digital audio editing. The foundation of current digital audio editing equipment for motion pictures has its roots in the late seventies work of these digital pioneers. [Sound]
To JAMES A. MOORER for his pioneering work in the design of digital signal processing and its application to audio editing for film. This early work in systems architecture and software has had a significant impact on the digital creation of sound effects and the editing of audio for motion picture sound tracks. [Sound]
To STEPHEN J. KAY of K-Tec Corporation for the design and development of the Shock Block. This specially designed ground fault interrupter eliminates the electric shock hazard when working in water, wet conditions or from an accidentally exposed power line. [Lighting]
To GARY TREGASKIS for the primary design; and to DOMINIQUE BOISVERT, PHILIPPE PANZINI and ANDRÉ LEBLANC for the development and implementation of the Flame and Inferno software. The Inferno System, and its predecessor, Flame, provide high-speed, efficient integrated digital compositing and visual effects tools. [Special Photographic]
To ROBERT PREDOVICH, JOHN SCOTT, MOHAMED KEN T. HUSAIN and CAMERON SHEARER for the design and implementation of the Soundmaster Integrated Operations Nucleus operating environment. The Soundmaster system provides motion picture audio post production facilities with a completely integrated capability for synchronization of audio and picture elements with the numerous methods of synchronization in use today. [Sound]
To ROY B. FERENCE, STEVEN R. SCHMIDT, RICHARD J. FEDERICO, ROCKWELL YARID and MICHAEL E. MCCRACKAN for the design and development of the Kodak Lightning Laser Recorder. The Kodak Lightning laser recorder system established higher operational and quality standards and achieved wide industry acceptance for digital film recording onto intermediate film stock. [Special Photographic]
To COLIN MOSSMAN, HANS LEISINGER and GEORGE JOHN ROWLAND of Deluxe Laboratories for the concept and design of the Deluxe High Speed Spray Film Cleaner. This innovative and effective high speed film cleaning machine is unique in its use of spray technology, providing the flexibility to use alternative solvents, and to anticipate changes in environmental legislation. [Laboratory]
To ARNOLD & RICHTER CINE TECHNIK, and ARRI USA, INC. for the concept and engineering of the Arriflex 435 Camera System. The 435 enhances the creative process via its programmability and reliability, and provides the camera operator with the widest feature and performance capability of any MOS camera in use today. [Camera]
To ARNOLD & RICHTER CINE TECHNIK and the CARL ZEISS COMPANY for the concept and optical design of the Carl Zeiss/Arriflex Variable Prime Lenses. This series of variable prine lenses opens many creative possibilities, since any focal length can be continuously selected throughout the entire range. They offer sharp, high-contrast, high-resolution images with minimized vignetting, superior to many prime lenses. [Lenses and Filters]
To DEREK C. LIGHTBODY of OpTex for the design and development of Aurasoft Luminaires. The Aurasoft offers a radical new type of reflector design for the production of soft, very even and relatively shadowless light, with superior coverage and significantly higher intensity than existing softlights. [Lighting]
To MARK ROBERTS, RONAN CARROLL, ASSAFF RAWNER, PAUL BARTLETT and SIMON WAKLEY for the creation of the Milo Motion-Control Crane. This radically original and effective solution to the problems of high-speed camera motion was achieved with the combination of novel geometry and dedicated 3-dimensional control software. [Camera Cranes]
To MICHAEL SORENSEN and RICHARD ALEXANDER of Sorensen Designs International, and DONALD TRUMBULL for advancing the state-of-the-art of real-time motion-control, as exemplified in the Gazelle and Zebra camera dolly systems. Over the past decade, Sorensen, Alexander and Trumbull have improved the speed, repeatability and portability of robotic camera platforms through novel engineering concepts and the pioneering use of composite materials. [Camera Cranes]
To RONALD E. UHLIG, THOMAS F. POWERS and FRED M. FUSS of the Eastman Kodak Company for the design and development of KeyKode latent-image barcode key numbers. KeyKode numbers are machine-readable bar codes on camera negative films that exactly replicate the human-readable key numbers. Together with an appropriate reader and database software, they reduce errors and speed important post-production operations, leading to significant cost savings. [Laboratory]
To IAIN NEIL for the optical design; TAKUO MIYAGISHIMA for the mechanical design; and PANAVISION, INCORPORATED, for the concept and development of the Primo Series of spherical prime lenses for 35mm cinematography. The Primo Series of lenses for 35mm cinematography represents a thorough and comprehensive approach to prime lens design, development and manufacture. This family of lenses has a wide range of focal lengths, all color matched, with improved modulation transfer function characteristics. [Lenses and Filters]

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL AWARD (Technical Achievement Award)

To GARRETT BROWN and JERRY HOLWAY for the creation of the Skyman flying platform for Steadicam operators. This cable-driven, manned camera platform allows the operator to spin 360 degrees for unimpeded pans while controlling the downhill speed via brakes. As a device for achieving otherwise impossible shots, Skyman has had a definite influence on later cable-suspended camera systems. [Camera Cranes]
To JAMES RODNUNSKY, JAMES WEBBER and BOB WEBBER of Cablecam Systems, and TROU BAYLISS for the design and engineering of Cablecam. This radio-controlled, cable-driven camera platform with its ultra-smooth synthetic cables and powerful hydraulic motors, enables runs in excess of 3000 feet with quick return to start. Operating unmanned, it can function at speeds and through perils that would be unsafe for on-board operators. [Camera Cranes]
To DAVID DIFRANCESCO, BALA S. MANIAN and THOMAS L. NOGGLE for their pioneering efforts in the development of laser film recording technology. This pioneering laser film recorder, designed and used for motion pictures, demonstrated the potential of this technology for recording digital data onto intermediate film stock. [Special Photographic]
To MICHAEL MACKENZIE, MIKE BOLLES, UDO PAMPEL and JOSEPH FULMER of Industrial Light & Magic for their pioneering work in motion-controlled, silent camera dollies. This silent, high-speed motion control modification of a Panther dolly makes it possible to film moving camera composite shots of actors while recording live dialogue. [Camera Cranes]
To BARRY WALTON, BILL SCHULTZ, CHRIS BARKER and DAVID CORNELIUS of Sony Pictures Imageworks for the creation of an advanced motion-controlled, silent camera dolly. This extensive modification to the Panther dolly allows high-speed moves to be silent, smooth and stable. [Camera Cranes]
To BRUCE WILTON and CARLOS ICINKOFF of Mechanical Concepts for their modular system of motion-control rotators and movers for use in motion-control. These components have become the de facto industry standard for use in precision motion control equipment. [Camera Cranes]
To REMY SMITH for the software and electronic design and development; and JAMES K. BRANCH and NASIR J. ZAIDI for the design and development of the Spectra Professional IV-A digital exposure meter. The design and execution of the Spectra Professional IV-A meter has resulted in a practical and successful tool for the film production community. [Photography]
To IVAN KRUGLAK for his commitment to the development of a wireless transmission system for video-assisted images for the motion picture industry. Through years of persistent effort, Mr. Kruglak has commercialized and popularized a technique of great utility for motion picture camera operations. By introducing diversity antennas and a time code insertion accessory, he has optimized camera wireless video-assist components. [Camera]
To DR. DOUGLAS R. ROBLE for his contribution to tracking technology and for the design and implementation of the TRACK system for camera position calculation and scene reconstruction. The TRACK system is an integrated software tool that uses computer-vision techniques to extract critical 2D and 3D information about a scene and the camera used to film it. [Special Photographic]
To THADDEUS BEIER for the design and implementation of ras_track, a system for 2D tracking, stabilization, and 3D camera and object tracking. Ras_track allows the user to determine the postiton and location of the camera and objects in a scene by tracking points in a scanned sequence. [Special Photographic]
To MANFRED N. KLEMME and DONALD E. WETZEL for the design and development of the K-Tek Microphone Boom Pole and accessories for on-set motion picture sound recording. The K-TEK series microphone boom pole provides production recording personnel with a self-lubricated, light-weight, sturdy pole with multiple accessories. [Sound]
To NICK FOSTER for his software development in the field of water simulation systems. This software technique provides an efficient and flexible method for the creation of flowing streams, oceans, tidal waves and turbulence for motion picture visual effects. [Special Photographic]
To CARY PHILLIPS for the design and development of the ‘Caricature’ Animation System at Industrial Light & Magic. By integrating existing tools into a powerful interactive system, and adding an expressive multi-target shape interpolation-based freeform animation system, the ‘Caricature’ system provides a degree of subtlety and refinement not possible with other systems. [Special Photographic]
To DR. MITCHELL J. BOGDANOWICZ of the Eastman Kodak Company, and JIM MEYER and STAN MILLER of Rosco Laboratories, Inc. for the design of the CalColor Calibrated Color Effects Filters. Designed to correspond to the spectral sensitivity of color negative film stocks, these filters provide for improved color control in motion picture lighting. [Lenses and Filters]
To DR. A. TULSI RAM, RICHARD C. SEHLIN, DR. CARL F. HOLTZ and DAVID F. KOPPERL of the Eastman Kodak Company for the research and development of the concept of molecular sieves applied to improve the archival properties of processed photographic film. The use of zeolite crystals as molecular sieves to absorb moisture, acetic acid, methylene chloride and a variety of solvents created an effective deterrent to the effects of vinegar syndrome in stored film stock. [Laboratory]
To TAKUO MIYAGISHIMA and ALBERT K. SAIKI of Panavision, Inc. for the design and development of the Eyepiece Leveler. This leveler keeps the camera eyepiece at the same level, regardless of whether the camera position is tilted up or down, enabling the camera operator to concentrate on the composition of the image. [Camera]
To EDMUND M. DI GIULIO and JAMES BARTELL of Cinema Products for the design of the KeyKode Sync Reader. The KeyKode Sync Reader provides a fast, accurate and user-friendly means of utilizing the KeyKode information on film, thereby expediting the editorial and post-production processes. [Laboratory]
To IVAN KRUGLAK for his pioneering concept and the development of the Coherent Time Code Slate. Time code slates have had significant impact on the filmmaking process by simplifying post-production. This development makes the synchronization process faster and more precise, particularly when multiple cameras are used. [Editorial and Pre-production]
To MIKE DENECKE for refining and further developing electronic time code slates. Due to their features and simplified operational procedures, the Denecke slates have had significant impact on the motion picture industry and have become the standard for electronic time code slates. [Editorial and Pre-production]
To ED ZWANEVELD and FREDERICK GASOI of the National Film Board of Canada, and MIKE LAZARIDIS and DALE BRUBACHER-CRESSMAN of Research in Motion for the design and development of the DigiSync Film KeyKode Reader. The DigiSync Film KeyKode Reader provides a fast, accurate and user-friendly means of utilizing the KeyKode information on film, expediting the editorial and post-production processes. [Laboratory]

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